6 INCREDIBLE HEALTH BENEFITS OF CHROMIUM PICOLINATE THAT MAKE IT SO IMPORTANT FOR OUR WELL-BEING
Chromium is a chemical element found in the earth's crust. Chromium picolinate is a supplement that contains chromium in the form of picolinic acid and it is easily absorbed by the body. Chromium is a trace mineral that is required for the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins. It also helps in the production of insulin and to regulate blood sugar levels.
The most studied application of chromium picolinate is its effects on insulin sensitivity.
In healthy people, the blood sugar-regulating hormone insulin interacts with cells to control the storage and usage of blood glucose for energy. In people with diabetes, the body’s insulin release and insulin response are disrupted. Insulin dysregulation- known as insulin resistance- is implicated in the pathogenesis of type II diabetes, hypertension, weight gain, and high cholesterol.
In diabetes and insulin resistance, cells fail to respond to insulin. In response to this failure, the pancreas releases more insulin. High insulin levels and reduced insulin sensitivity are hallmarks of nearly every metabolic disorder, including type 2 diabetes.
Chromium appears to improve insulin sensitivity by increasing the number of insulin receptors that cells express.
Chromium can help enhance the role of insulin which controls blood sugar and helps bring glucose into cells where it’s used for bodily energy. Multiple studies showed significantly improved blood glucose levels in the individuals with diabetes after using chromium supplementation.
Another great health benefit of Chromium is its ability to fight bad cholesterol. Chromium helps the metabolism of fat and has been shown to break down the bad cholesterol before it is absorbed by your stomach lining. Research suggests that by doing so, supplemental chromium lowers harmful total cholesterol and triglycerides, while raising beneficial HDL cholesterol.
Chromium plays a major role in normal metabolism of carbs, fat, and protein. Energy balance and insulin response are key pathways in weight management. Chromium due its abilities to augment insulin action, helps control blood sugar levels and boosts energy levels. It is also an integral component of the balance that prevents insulin resistance. Insulin resistance can sometimes be why some people can’t seem to lose weight despite a rigid workout regimen. Some people work out and see little to no results, which is why you need to have a healthy diet together with your exercise regimen. Chromium is one of the nutrients your body needs to have proper metabolism.
Insulin resistance has lately been linked to numerous diseases aside from diabetes. Studies have included Alzheimer's disease linked to type three diabetes. Dementia, stroke, and glaucoma are also possible side effects of insulin resistance.
Blood circulation and nutrient supply to the brain tend to decrease as we age which may alter our cognition. By improving insulin sensitivity, chromium significantly improves glucose metabolism which in turn, improves brain function. Chromium allows glucose, the brain’s main fuel to be processed efficiently which helps to prevent or slow down cognitive decline by improving nutrient absorption, blood flow to the brain, improving learning and memory tasks.
Recent research have investigated the role of chromium picolinate in treating depression. The proposed mechanism of action is that chromium helps cells to become more sensitive to insulin. Increased sensitivity is thought to transport an amino acid called tryptophan across the blood-brain barrier and into the central nervous system.
Tryptophan is converted into a neurotransmitter called serotonin, low levels of which are associated with depression. Therefore, the more tryptophan that is transported by insulin, the more serotonin that's available in the brain.
Chromium might also help depression by inducing and enhancing the release of norepinephrine, another mood-regulating neurotransmitter.
Chromium's ability to keep efficient insulin activity in the body considered to be bone-protective in a couple of ways - by promoting the production of collagen by our bone-building cells called osteoblasts and by moderating bone breakdown - resorption.
Polycystic ovarian syndrome, commonly known as PCOS, is a condition that affects up to 10 percent of women between the ages of 16 to 45 worldwide. Women who have PCOS frequently have higher than usual insulin blood levels and carry excess weight, which contributes to many hormonal changes in the body, resulting in excess hair growth, acne, menstrual irregularities, and fertility challenges.
Multiple studies have shown that the supplementation with chromium picolinate had beneficial effects in reducing body mass index (BMI), fasting insulin levels, and total testosterone levels in women with PCOS. Elevated insulin levels are associated with fat storage and weight gain.
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